RigExpert <br> AA-170

RigExpert AA-170

RigExpert AA-170 is a powerful antenna analyzer designed for testing, checking, tuning or repairing antennas and antenna feedlines. Mainly, this is an SWR (Standing Wave Ratio) and impedance measurement instrument (vector impedance analyzer). Easy-to use measurement modes, as well as additional features such as connection to a personal computer (to plot Smith charts, etc.), make RigExpert AA-170 attractive for professionals and hobbyists. The following tasks are easily accomplished by using this analyzer:

  • Rapid check-out of an antenna
  • Tuning an antenna to resonance
  • Antenna SWR and impedance measurement and comparison before and after specific event (rain, hurricane, etc.)
  • Making coaxial lines or measuring their parameters
  • Cable testing and fault location
  • Measuring capacitance or inductance of reactive loads
See also: A short review of antenna and network analyzerszers See also: rigexpert-analyzers – RigExpert antenna and network analyzer user’s group at Yahoo See also: A short presentation of RigExpert Antenna Analyzers on YouTube.


RigExpert <br> AA-170
Frequency range
  • 0.1 to 170 MHz
Frequency entry
  • 1 kHz resolution
SWR measurement range
  • 1 to 10
R and X range
  • 0…10000, -10000…10000 in numerical modes
  • 0…200, -200…200 in graph mode
Display modes
  • R, X graph, 100 points
  • SWR at single or multiple frequencies
  • SWR graph, 100 points
  • SWR, return loss, R, X, Z, L, C at single frequency
RF output
  • Connector type: UHF (SO-239)
  • Output power: -10 dBm (at a load of 50 ohms)
  • Output signal shape: square, 0.1…30 MHz. For higher frequencies, third or fifth harmonics are used.
  • Max. 3 hours of continuous measurement, max. 2 days in stand-by mode when fully charged batteries are used
  • Three 1.2V, 1800…2700 mA·h, Ni-MH batteries, type AA *
  • Three 1.5V alkaline batteries, type AA
  • When the analyzer is connected to a PC or a DC adapter with USB socket, it takes power from these sources
  • 128×64 graphical backlit LCD
  • 6x3 keys on the water-proof keypad
  • Multilingual menus and help screens
  • USB connection to a personal computer
  • 22·10·3.6 cm (9·4·1.5”)
Operating temperature
  • 0…40 °C (32…104 °F)
  • 400g (14 Oz)
Accessories inside the box
  • Alkaline batteries
  • CD with drivers and software
  • RigExpert AA-170
  • Soft case (optional, not included in standard package)
  • Software manual
  • USB cable (optional, not included in standard package)
  • User’s manual
  • 4820185420075
  • * Ni-MH batteries are not included with the analyzer. Users can purchase these batteries with a corresponding charging adapter.
  • Specifications are subject to change without notice
  • Мade in Ukraine

RigExpert AA-170 – How it works?

Structure diagram

The structure diagram of the RigExpert AA-170 Antenna Analyzer is located below:

The “brain” of the analyzer is Atmel 8-bit RISC microcontroller. It controls two AD9834 DDS chips running at 80 MHz and generating two sinusoidal signals. Both signals are low-pass filtered and then put through pulse shapers, producing two square signals with CML levels. Resistive bridge was chosen to measure parameters of a load because of its simplicity and good frequency response. The switch commutates two outputs of the bridge. After the switch, the signal is mixed with the second channel output to produce audio frequency of 1.5 kHz. A variable attenuator is used to maintain the audio signal level in the desired range. This signal is then filtered and fed into the 10-bit ADC of the microcontroller. There is a simple relationship between the measurement frequency, DDS frequencies and attenuator division ratio:

Subband Measurement
1 0.1 … 30 MHz 0.1 … 30 MHz DDS1 + 1502 Hz 1 /25
2 30 … 100 MHz 10 … 33.3 MHz DDS1 + 501 Hz 3 /3
3 100 … 170 MHz 20 … 34 MHz DDS1 + 300 Hz 5 /1

The 128×64 graphical LCD and the 6×3 keys keypad are connected directly to the CPU. Also, the AA-170 is equipped with 512K of external Flash memory to store measurement results. The USB interface chip allows connecting the analyzer to the PC.

Close look at the bridge

This is a diagram of the resistive bridge and its connection to the mixer:

The switch which is controlled by the CPU feeds the signal from the certain side of the bridge to the mixer chip. When the load is totally active and its resistance is 50 Ω, the bridge is balanced and the switch outputs the same signal in both positions. This eliminates the need of calibration of the analyzer, also giving very good precision near SWR=1.

See also: Data exchange with RigExpert antenna analyzers